Northwestern University

Apr
17
Tue 4:00 PM

Vikram Dwarkadas: Triggered Star Formation inside the Shell of a Wolf–Rayet Bubble as the Origin of the Solar System

When: Tuesday, April 17, 2018
4:00 PM - 5:00 PM  

Where: Technological Institute, F160, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 map it

Audience: Faculty/Staff - Student - Public - Post Docs/Docs - Graduate Students

Contact: Pamela Villalovoz   847.491.3644

Group: Physics and Astronomy Astrophysics Seminars

Category: Academic

More Info

Description:

Title: Triggered Star Formation inside the Shell of a Wolf–Rayet Bubble as the Origin of the Solar System

Speaker: Vikram Dwarkadas, University of Chicago 

Host: Raffaella Margutti

Abstract: A critical constraint on solar system formation is the high 26Al/27Al abundance ratio of 5e-5 at the time of formation, which was about 17 times higher than the average Galactic ratio, while the 60Fe/56Fe value was about 2e-8, lower than the Galactic value of 3e-7. This challenges the assumption that a nearby supernova was responsible for the injection of these short-lived radionuclides into the early solar system. We show that this conundrum can be resolved if the Solar System was formed by triggered star formation at the edge of a Wolf-Rayet (W-R) bubble. Aluminium-26 is produced during the evolution of the massive star, released in the wind during the W-R phase, and condenses into dust grains that are seen around W-R stars. The dust grains can survive passage through the reverse shock and the low density shocked wind, reach the dense shell swept-up by the bubble, detach from the decelerated wind and are injected into the shell. The grains are destroyed releasing the 26Al into the dense shell. Some portions of this shell subsequently collapses to form the dense cores that give rise to solar-type systems. The subsequent aspherical supernova, if it does indeed occur, would not be expected to inject appreciable amounts of 60Fe into the proto-solar-system, thus accounting for the observed low abundance of 60Fe. We discuss the details of various processes within the model using numerical simulations, nucleosynthesis modelling, and analytic and semi-analytic calculations. We conclude that it is a viable model for solar system formation, that can explain the initial abundances of 26Al and 60Fe, as well as other isotopes such as 41Ca.

Keywords: Physics, Astronomy, Astrophysics

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