Northwestern Events Calendar

Dec
3
2019

Knowles Hearing Center Speaker Elizabeth Quinlan, University of Maryland

When: Tuesday, December 3, 2019
4:00 PM - 5:00 PM  

Where: Frances Searle Building, 3-417, 2240 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208 map it

Audience: Faculty/Staff - Student - Public - Post Docs/Docs - Graduate Students

Contact: Cindy Coy   847.491.5073

Group: Knowles Hearing Center

Category: Academic

Description:

Sensory deprivation rejuvenates the cortex to recover vision in models of amblyopia

An imbalance in the quality of visual input across the two eyes during development induces amblyopia, a disorder affecting up to 4% of the world’s population. In animal models, long duration monocular deprivation induces severe deprivation amblyopia,manifest as a loss of spatial acuity through the deprived eye. Amblyopia is highly resistant to reversal in adulthood, due in part to the decline in synaptic plasticity in the primary visual cortex with age. However, we have previously shown that visual deprivation (dark exposure) rejuvenates plasticity in the adult amblyopic cortex, which can be harnessed to promote the full recovery of vision. The reactivation of plasticity is triggered by light reintroduction (LRx) after dark exposure (DE) and mediated an increase in the activity of an extracellular protease (matrix metalloproteinase 9) at a specific class of synapses (thalamic synapses onto cortical neurons). Two photon live imaging of MMP activity in the mouse visual cortex demonstrates that DE lowers the threshold for MMP activation, enabling weak visual input through the amblyopic pathway to drive degradation of extracellular targets. Thus, homeostatic mechanisms engaged by visual deprivation promote the activation of synaptic plasticity mediated by perisynaptic proteolysis.

More Info Add to Calendar

Add Event To My Group:

Please sign-in