Northwestern University

Feb
7
Thu 2:00 PM

Complex Systems Seminar: Professor Vincenzo Vitelli: Odd elasticity

When: Thursday, February 7, 2019
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM  

Where: Technological Institute, F160, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 map it

Audience: Faculty/Staff - Student - Public - Post Docs/Docs - Graduate Students

Contact: Cristian Pennington   847.491.3645

Group: Physics and Astronomy Complex Systems Seminars

Category: Academic

Description:

Hooke's law states that the deformations or strains experienced by an elastic object are proportional to the applied forces or stresses. The number of coefficients of proportionality between stress and strain, i.e. the elastic moduli, is constrained by energy conservation. In this Letter, we generalize continuum elasticity to media in which energy is not conserved, such as solids with microscopic activity. This generalization, which we dub odd elasticity, reveals that two additional elastic moduli exist in an isotropic solid with non-conservative interactions. Such an odd-elastic solid can be regarded as a distributed engine: work is locally extracted, or injected, during quasi-static cycles of deformation. By coarse graining illustrative microscopic models, we show how odd elasticity emerges in active metamaterials composed of non-reciprocal springs that actuate internal torques in response to strain. Our predictions, corroborated by simulations, uncover phenomena ranging from activity-induced auxetic behavior and buckling to wave propagation powered by self-sustained active elastic cycles.

Professor Vincenzo Vitelli, University of Chicago

Host: Michelle Driscoll

Keywords: Physics, Astronomy, Complex Systems

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