Northwestern Events Calendar

Feb
18
2021

Complex Systems Seminar: Professor Robert Leheny: Microscopic dynamics underlying yielding, stress relaxation, and rejuvenation of soft glassy materials

When: Thursday, February 18, 2021
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM Central

Where: Online

Audience: Faculty/Staff - Student - Public - Post Docs/Docs - Graduate Students

Contact: Yas Shemirani  

Group: Physics and Astronomy Complex Systems Seminars

Category: Academic

Description:

Abstract: Any solid under applied stress possesses an elastic limit above which it fails.  Failure of ductile solids is characterized by yielding, which involves irreversible changes to the material’s microstructure.  In the case of amorphous solids, such as glasses, pastes, and gels, the intrinsic disorder of the materials makes identifying these changes difficult.  Further, when the shear-induced flow of such soft disordered solids ceases, the stress can display a highly protracted decay.  The microscopic dynamics driving this stress relaxation remain poorly understood.  This talk presents an overview of coherent x-ray scattering studies on soft glassy nanostructured materials to interrogate the microscopic dynamics of yielding and stress relaxation.  The systems in the study include nanocolloidal gels, clay suspensions, and soft nanocolloidal glasses subjected to different programs of in-situ shear strain that provide insight into particle rearrangements at the nanometer scale and their connection to the macroscopic rheology.  Time permitting, the talk will also describe how such x-ray measurements can probe mechanical rejuvenation and over-aging of out-of-equilibrium glassy suspensions.

Professor Robert Leheny, North Carolina State University

Host: Michelle Driscoll

Keywords: Physics, Astronomy, Complex Systems

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