Northwestern Events Calendar

Mar
10
2022

Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics Departmental Seminar Series: Roberto Zoncu, Phd, University of California Berkeley

When: Thursday, March 10, 2022
10:00 AM - 11:00 AM Central

Where: Simpson Querrey Biomedical Research Center, Simpson Querry Auditorium, 303 E. Superior Street, Chicago, IL 60611 map it

Audience: Faculty/Staff - Student - Post Docs/Docs - Graduate Students

Contact: Erin McLaughlin   (312) 503-5229

Group: Biochemistry & Molecular Genetics Seminar Series

Category: Academic

Description:

The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics presents:

Dr. Roberto Zoncu, PhD, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology

University of California Berkeley

Title: The Lysosome in Nutrient Sensing and Cellular Growth Control

In order to grow, cells must tightly coordinate biosynthetic processes with catabolic programs. The master regulator, mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) kinase, integrates signals from nutrients, hormones and energy to control the balance between cellular growth and repair programs. In a key step, nutrients drive the localization of mTORC1 to the lysosomal membrane, where mTORC1 becomes competent to phosphorylate its downstream targets. Cholesterol was recently identified as a major nutrient input for lysosomal mTORC1 activation. Cholesterol sensing occurs upstream of the heterodimeric Rag GTPases, and involves its active exchange between the limiting membranes of lysosomes and the endoplasmic reticulum. Moreover, this process is negatively regulated by the cholesterol exporter, Niemann-Pick C1 (NPC1) protein, loss of which leads to mTORC1 hyperactivation and to mTORC1-dependent disruption of autophagy and mitochondrial function, implicating dysregulated mTORC1 signaling as a pathogenic driver of Niemann-Pick type C. Despite these advances, our understanding of how cholesterol regulates mTORC1 remains fragmentary. In particular, we lack a complete knowledge of the cholesterol-regulated proteins that translate lysosomal cholesterol levels to modulation of the Rag GTPases. I will present our recent effort to unravel lysosomal cholesterol sensing through a combination of organelle proteomics, bioinformatic analysis and functional assays both in vitro and in cell. This work illuminates the fundamental logic of lysosomal nutrient sensing, and could increase the understanding of Niemann-Pick type C pathogenesis.

                  

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