Northwestern Events Calendar


Statistics and Data Science Seminar: "Approximate Co-sufficient Sampling with Regularization"

When: Friday, March 1, 2024
11:00 AM - 12:00 PM CT

Where: Chambers Hall, Ruan Conference Room – lower level, 600 Foster St, Evanston, IL 60208 map it

Audience: Faculty/Staff - Student - Post Docs/Docs - Graduate Students

Cost: free

Contact: Kisa Kowal   (847) 491-3974

Group: Department of Statistics and Data Science

Category: Academic, Lectures & Meetings


Approximate Co-sufficient Sampling with Regularization

Wanrong Zhu, Final-year PhD student, Department of Statistics, University of Chicago

Abstract: Goodness-of-fit (GoF) testing is ubiquitous in statistics and is applicable in many areas, for example, conditional independence testing, model selection, multiple testing, etc. We consider the problem of GoF testing for parametric models – testing whether observed data comes from some parametric null model. This testing problem involves a composite null hypothesis, due to the unknown values of the model parameters. In some special cases, co-sufficient sampling (CSS) can remove the influence of these unknown parameters via conditioning on a sufficient statistic—often, the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) of the unknown parameters. However, many common parametric settings (including logistic regression) do not permit this approach, since conditioning on a sufficient statistic leads to a powerless test. The recent approximate co-sufficient sampling (aCSS) framework offers an alternative, replacing sufficiency with an approximately sufficient statistic (namely, a noisy version of the MLE). This approach recovers power in a range of settings where CSS cannot be applied, but can only be applied in settings where the unconstrained MLE is well-defined and well-behaved, which implicitly assumes a low-dimensional regime. In this talk, we extend aCSS to the setting of constrained and penalized maximum likelihood estimation, so that more complex estimation problems can now be handled within the aCSS framework, including examples such as mixtures-of-Gaussians (where the unconstrained MLE is not well-defined due to degeneracy) and high-dimensional Gaussian linear models (where the MLE can perform well under regularization, such as an ℓ1 penalty or a shape constraint).

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