Northwestern Events Calendar

Apr
20
2021

Astro Seminar: Jennifer Barnes: Origins of the Astrophysical R-process

When: Tuesday, April 20, 2021
4:00 PM - 5:00 PM Central

Where: Online

Audience: Faculty/Staff - Student - Post Docs/Docs - Graduate Students

Contact: Samantha Westlake  

Group: Physics and Astronomy Astrophysics Seminars

Category: Academic

Description:

Abstract: Rapid neutron capture (r-process) nucleosynthesis is responsible for the production of roughly half of the elements in the Periodic Table more massive than Iron. The unusual conditions needed for a successful r-process, in particular the requisite high flux of (unstable) free neutrons, have made the astrophysical site(s) in which the r-process occurs an enduring mystery. Observations of the first detected neutron star merger, GW170817, in both electromagnetic and gravitational radiation yielded evidence that merging neutron stars, long favored theoretically as r-process sources, did indeed undergo heavy element nucleosynthesis. However, these same observations suggested that neutron star mergers may not be unique in their ability to produce r-process elements. I will review recent progress on understanding r-process sources, including clues from numerical relativity simulations and observations of galactic chemical enrichment. I will then discuss how models and observations radiation from explosive astrophysical transients may reveal the origin of the heaviest elements in the Universe.

 

Speaker: Jennifer Barnes, Columbia University

Website: https://www.astro.columbia.edu/profile?uid=jbarnes

Host: Wen-fai Fong

 

If you know someone who would be interested in attending this talk, please contact Samantha Westlake (samantha.westlake@northwestern.edu) to access the Zoom link.

Keywords: Physics, Astronomy, Astrophysics

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